Manusela National Park is a combination of two natural reserve , Nature Reserve Wai Nua covering 20,000 ha ( Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 557 / Kpts / Um / 12/1972 dated December 7, 1972 ) and Nature Reserve Wai Mual of ± 18,300 ha ( Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 840 / Kpts / Um / 11/1980 dated 25 November 1980) , as well as its extension in the form of production forests and protected areas. Both the area proposed to be a candidate for the national park with a statement of the Minister of Agriculture No. 736 / Ministry of Agriculture / X / 1982 dated October 14, 1982 under the name National Park Manusela Wai Nua / Wai Mual.
On May 23, 1997 , the Minister of Forestry issued the Decree No. 281 / Kpts – VI / 1997 concerning the appointment Manusela National Park covering an area of 189 000 hectares , located in the District of Central Maluku , the Province of Maluku . Furthermore, on April 8 , 2014, in a National Park Manusela set by the Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number 2583 / Menhut – VII / KUH / 2014 on Designation of Forest Areas Manusela National Park Covering an area of 174,545.59 ( One Hundred Seventy Four Thousand Five Hundred Forty Five and Fifty Nine percentile ) hectares All Situated in Central Maluku district , Maluku.
n the short history of the area TN Manusela outlined in the following table :
Table 1. History of the National Park Manusela
|No||Document Type||Document Number||Date of Time||About||Large|
|1||Decree of the Minister of Agriculture||557/Kpts/Um/12/1972||Kamis, 7 Desember 1972||Designation of forest area of 20,000 ha . Nua River around Ceram As Nature Reserve.||± 20.000|
|2||Decree of the Minister of Agriculture||840/Kpts/Um/11/1980||Selasa , 25 November 1980||Appointment of Wae Nausea and surrounding area covering 18,300 Ha + . Nausea Way as a nature reserve .||± 18.300|
|3||Decree of the Minister of Agriculture||736/Mentan/X/1982||Kamis, 14 Oktober 1982|
Candidates Manusela National Park Wai Nua / Wai Nausea ( Mollucas ).
|4||Decree of the Minister of Forestry||281/Kpts-VI/1997||Jumat, 23 Mei 1997||Appointment Manusela National Park , Maluku Province .||± 189.000|
|5||Decree of the Minister of Forestry||2583/Menhut-VII/KUH/2014||Selasa, 8 April 2014||Designation of Forest Areas Manusela National Park Covering an area of 174,545.59 in Central Maluku district, Maluku Province.||174.545,95|
“Realization of Potential Management of the National Park Manusela Sustainably for People’s Welfare and Institutions Supported by Strong”
To realize the vision that has been set , the Mission carried by Manusela National Park are:
|a.||Maintaining extensive National Park neighborhood Manusela corresponding Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. SK.2583 / Menhut - VII / KUH / 2014, dated April 8, 2014;|
|b.||National Park neighborhood zoning designation Manusela appropriate and ensuring the rule of law|
|c.||Maintain and sustainably utilize natural resources Manusela National Parks|
|d.||Improved protection functions of life support systems and the preservation of biodiversity and ecosystem Manusela National Park|
|e.||Increasing the role of the National Park Attraction Manusela as natural and scientific tourism|
|f.||Empowerment of communities around the National Park Manusela|
|g.||Consolidation of institutional Manusela National Park.|
The National Park Authority is Manusela Technical Implementation Unit of the Directorate General of Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems ( KSDAE ) having an Essential Task implement National Parks Area Management in the framework of Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems based on the legislation in force .
In carrying out the duties of the National Park has a function Manusela
|1.||Preparation of the National Parks Development Program Manusela|
|2.||Holding , Protection , Preservation and Utilization of the National Park and its Ecosystem|
|3.||Promote and Information.|
|4.||Security Zone , Area Conservation Forest and Environment , Conservation Type Natural Resources Conservation and Development Nature|
|5.||Cooperation management of national parks|
Based on Law No. 5 of 1990 on Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystem, the national park is a nature conservation area which has original ecosystem, managed by the zoning system which is utilized for research, science, education, aquaculture, tourism and recreation has three main functions: the protection of life support systems, preservation of diversity of plants and animals and their ecosystems and sustainable use of natural resources and ecosystems.
As Nature Conservation Areas, National Parks Manusela (TNM) is an ecological region that has a primary function as life support systems. The existence of the National Park Manusela located between the two centers of biodiversity is in the western part of Papua New Guinea and east of Malaysia (biogeographic region that stretches from Malaysia to Papua New Guinea) makes the National Park neighborhood Manusela have a unique forest ecosystems and high biodiversity. “Birds of paradise” is the right expression to describe so abundant presence of birds typical Wallacea in Manusela National Park. Region Manusela National Park with an area of 189 000 hectares, covering 11% of the total area of the island of Seram, officially designated as a National Park Manusela by decree. Menhut No. 281 / Kpts-VI / 1997 dated May 23, 1997.
Organization structure of the Central TN Manusela by Forestry Minister Regulation No. P.03 / Menhut – II / 2007 is described as follows:
Figure 1. Organizational Structure Chart Central TN Manusela by Forestry Minister Regulation No. P.03 / Menhut – II / 2007
Sub-Division of Administration in charge of implementing administrative matters correspondence, procedures, personnel, finance, equipment, archives, households, planning, teamwork, data, monitoring and evaluation, reporting and public relations.
The National Park Management Section Region (SPTN) in charge of implementing planning and budgeting, evaluation and reporting, technical assistance, service and community empowerment, area management, protection, preservation, sustainable use, security and control of forest fires, combating deforestation and circulation timber , plants, and wildlife illegally and management of facilities and infrastructure, promotion, bina bina nature and love of nature, counseling conservation of natural resources and ecosystems as well as cooperation in the field of management of the national park.
Functional groups in Central TN Manusela consists of functional Controlling Forest Ecosystem, police Forestry and Forestry Extension. Functional official in charge of carrying out activities in accordance with their respective functions independently by laws – laws, in this case the Regulation of the Minister of PAN number 50 of 2012 on the Functional Controller Forest Ecosystem and credit figures as well as the Regulation of the Minister of PAN number 17 of 2011 on Functional Police forestry and credit figures.
Based on the Director Hall Number: SK.17 / IV-T.38 / Kpts- 1/2012 dated January 5, 2012 on the Division of Work Area Resort Manusela National Park, Resort in TN. Manusela divided into 6 resort, which consists of 4 Resort in SPTN Region I O and 2 Resort in SPTN Region II Tehoru.
In SPTN Region I consists of Resort Sasarata (26245.19 ha), Resort Kaloa (22773.56 ha), Resort Sawai Masihulan (33339.30 ha), Resort Kanikeh (38938.54 ha), while in Region II consists of SPTN Resort Saunulu (20.042,56Ha) and Resort Mosso (33474.799 Ha).
Human resources Manusela TN Hall, until December 2015, there were 85 people. Consisting of 63 civil servants (PNS) and 22Tenaga Contract / Employee Variable / Government Employees to Work Agreement and placed proportionally on each line of management. Central TN Manusela state employees is as to which table 1 below.
Table 1. Employees of Central TN state Manusela
Distribution Centres employees scope TN Manusela fairly evenly in the third management unit that is 24 people ( 38.09 % ) in the Central , 25 ( 39.69 % ) in SPTN I O , and 14 people ( 22.22 % ) in SPTN II Tehoru , From the number of these employees , when seen from the level / type of education , the scope of the employee TN Hall Manusela still dominated by high school graduates as many as 46 people ( 73.02 % ) , a graduate of S1 as many as 14 people ( 22.22 % ) , and D3 as many as 3 people (4.76 % ) . A full picture regarding the condition of employment by education is presented in Figure 2 .
Figure 2. Composition of Employee Central TN Manusela based education.
Matrix TNM Management Action Plan 2016 – 2025